What is congestive heart disease?

Congestive heart disease, or also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is a progressive condition that takes place when the heart muscle can’t pump blood efficiently to meet the body’s needs.

Because of various potential causes, blood flows much slower than usual and heart pressure increases. Consequently, the heart cannot pump sufficient oxygen and nourishment that is needed by the body. The heart chambers stretch to allow more blood circulation, or it becomes rigid and thick. For a while, this helps maintain the blood flowing, but eventually, it weakens the heart muscles and become incapable of pumping properly.

What are the types of congestive heart disease?

There are two common types of CHF: the left-sided CHF and the right-sided CHF.

Left-sided congestive heart disease

The most prevalent form of CHF happens when blood is not correctly pumped out to the body by the left ventricle. The two classes of left-sided CHF are:

  • Systolic heart failure – This arises if the left ventricle doesn’t contract properly, thereby reducing the amount of blood pressure to circulate.
  • Diastolic failure – This occurs when the left ventricle muscle becomes rigid and the heart doesn’t fill up with blood.

Right-sided congestive heart disease

This happens when it is difficult for the right ventricle to pump blood into the lungs. Blood recoils back in the blood vessels, causing fluid or water retention in the lower limbs and other essential organs.

What causes congestive heart disease?

There are several possible causes of CHF, the most common are:

  • Heart attack – This is due to a blocked coronary artery that stops the blood circulation for the heart, leading to scarring of the heart’s muscle.
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) – This is an artery disease that reduces blood flow.
  • Cardiomyopathy – This is heart muscle damage caused by infections or abuse of alcohol and drugs.
  • Conditions that cause heart strain – Conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, valve disease, renal disease, thyroid disease, or congenital heart defects can result in heart failure.

What are the signs or symptoms of congestive heart disease?

CHF symptoms can be persistent (chronic), or it comes and goes (acute). Symptoms could be mild or severe. The symptoms may include:

  • Lung congestion – This is caused by fluid in the patient’s lungs that results in breathing difficulty. It can also be the root cause of wheezing or hacking cough.
  • Fluid retention – This is caused by affected kidneys that results in edema and bloating.
  • Nausea and lethargy – This happens due to lesser blood to organs, muscles, and brain.
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeats – This occurs due when the heart beats faster than normal.

How is congestive heart disease diagnosed?

If the patient is experiencing the symptoms, he or she will be referred to a cardiologist. The cardiologist then will order diagnostic tests to get a complete understanding of your present condition.

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG) – This device checks for abnormalities in the heart’s rhythm.
  • Echocardiogram (ECG) – This determines if there is poor blood circulation, muscle damage, or the heart doesn’t function normally.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This displays heart damage.
  • Stress test – This shows heart performance under different stress levels.
  • Blood tests – These check abnormalities of blood cells or if there infections present.
  • Cardiac catheterization – This displays blockages in the coronary arteries.

What is the outlook for people with congestive heart disease?

With the right care, heart failure may not stop you from doing the things you enjoy. If extended medical care is advised, there are nursing home facilities that will cater to patients with CHF.

References:

https://www.healthline.com/health/congestive-heart-failure

https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide-heart-failure

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-failure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373142

Calcaneal Spurs – What Are They?

Calcaneal spurs, also known as heel spurs, are bony outgrowths that form on the calcaneal tuberosity or the heel bone. Calcaneal spurs that occur beneath the soles are called plantar heel spurs which are commonly associated with Plantar fasciitis. Those that are found at the back of the heel are called dorsal heel spurs which are also linked to Achilles tendinopathy.

The Anatomy

The calcaneal tuberosity area is composed of many muscles including the Soleus, Abductor Digiti Minimi, Abductor Hallucis, Gastrocnemius, Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Extensor Digitorum Brevis, Extensor Hallucis Brevis, and Quadratus Plantae; and the plantar fascia  that exert an adhesive friction on the tuberosity (rounded heel bone) and nearby regions of the heel especially with abnormal or excessive pronation.

An inferior calcaneal spur, also known as a plantar heel spur, is located on the lower aspect of the heel which is situated superior to the plantar fascia insertion. It develops as a response to plantar fasciitis over some time and may also be associated with ankylosing spondylitis especially in children.

A posterior calcaneal spur, also known as a dorsal heel spur, grows on the back of the heel at the attachment of the Achilles tendon. It is often bulky and easily palpable through the skin and may need to be surgically removed as part of the treatment of insertion Achilles tendonitis.

Causes of Spurs

The causes of calcaneal spurs are often the result of repetitive trauma to the foot. One of the common causes of Calcaneal Spurs is Plantar fasciitis; the inflammation of a thick band of tissue underneath the foot that stretches from the toes to the heel. When the foot goes through consistent pressure to the plantar fascia ligament, it produces small rips and breaks close to its attachment.

To repair the injury, the body reacts with inflammation (plantar fasciitis) which causes the symptoms to occur. Calcium deposits start to gather in the space where there is ripping created. Generally, this does not affect a person’s daily activities.  Over time, the minerals build up on the bottom of the heel bone to form a calcaneal spur or heel spur. When the mineral buildup reaches a considerable form, the person feels pain surrounding the spur.

People who are prone to developing calcaneal spurs are those who have overpronation feet, have heavyweight problems and those who are frequently wearing high heels.

Symptoms of Spurs

Stabbing pain is the first symptom of Calcaneal Spur. The person feels a sharp piercing pain in the bottom of the foot near the heel that worsens in intensity after prolonged periods of rest. Patients may report severe heel pain a few steps after getting up in the morning. Also, patients may refrain from putting their weight on the affected heel. Prolonged standing or rising up after sitting for a while may also trigger the pain. Walking, running, lifting heavy objects can intensify the pain.

Diagnostic Procedures

The doctor may take note of the patient’s history and perform a physical examination. An x-ray can often establish the diagnosis. Other diagnostic adjuncts can also rule out calcaneal spurs including radiology and sometimes but rarely, doctors perform an MRI to be definitive.

SOURCES:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcaneal_spur

https://www.physio-pedia.com/Calcaneal_Spurs

Piriformis Syndrome – What Is It?

What is Piriformis Syndrome?

The Piriformis Syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder that occurs when the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve and causes abnormal symptoms in the area. When sudden spasm occurs, it causes discomfort such as numbness and pain to the buttocks area or sciatic nerve.

In definition, the piriformis muscle is a small, flat, band-like muscle located deep in the buttock area. The muscle starts at the lower part of the spine and connects to the upper part of each thighbone.

Piriformis muscle is essential to the lower body part movement because it supports the hip joint. It lifts and rotates thighs away from the body, which allows a person to walk or shift weight from one foot to the other, and at the same time, being able to maintain balance.

On the other hand, the sciatic nerve is long, thick, and a major nerve in the body, which extends from the lower end of the spinal cord and goes through the piriformis muscle. It goes down behind the leg’s back, and branches off into smaller nerves that end in the feet.

What causes Piriformis Syndrome?

In an anatomical position, the piriformis muscle serves as not only the thigh at the hip joint’s lateral (external) rotator but also the pelvis at the hip joint’s contralateral rotator. However, if the leg is flexed to around 60 degrees and above, the piriformis muscle switches from being the thigh’s lateral rotator into a medial (internal) rotator.

The piriformis muscle meets the sacroiliac joint, which acts as its stabilizer. Since piriformis syndrome happens when piriformis muscle tightens, any movement or posture that requires piriformis contraction increases the muscle’s baseline tone and contributes to the discomfort or pain when piriformis syndrome occurs.

One of the primary causes of piriformis muscle tightening is when it contracts to normalize a painful or dysfunctional sacroiliac joint. Dysfunctional sacroiliac joint conditions may include hypomobility, hypermobility, macro trauma, recurred microtrauma which causes irritation or inflammation to the concerned join, or sprain.

The most common cause of the piriformis muscle’s tightening would be likely to be either pain or hypermobility if the patient has a chronic posture of lateral thigh rotation, which leads to shortening or hardening of the piriformis muscle.

Piriformis muscle tightening may happen when patients drive their vehicles with the foot on the gas pedal, but the heel is placed on the front of the break. Another cause of piriformis syndrome is a patient’s repeated pattern of crossing their legs, where ankles are on the other side of the knee.

What are the signs or symptoms of Piriformis Syndrome?

  • Pain
  • Tingling
  • Pain that may go from the back part of the body to the foot
  • Recurring pain
  • Severe pain when attempting to do specific movements that require the use of legs (a few examples of which are climbing stairs, running, walking, bending)

Who can treat Piriformis Syndrome?

Doctors or other healthcare professionals who may help treat or address piriformis syndrome include physical therapists occupational therapists, orthopedists, osteopathic physicians, physical therapists, sports medicine doctors and chiropractors.

What are the risk factors concerning Piriformis Syndrome?

For patients involved in sports activities, injuries may include the following:

  • Inflammation (due to overuse or sprain)
  • Trauma (blunt buttock trauma)
  • Hematoma
  • Scar formation

And those who develop the above mentioned near the piriformis muscles may also be at risk of the following:

  • Cysts
  • Pseudo-aneurysms
  • Tumors

What tests do healthcare professionals often diagnose those with piriformis syndrome?

While there are no definitive tests for this neuromuscular disorder, doctors may ask the patient during a physical examination if they experience pain or palpitation when moving the concerned body part in specific directions.

Since piriformis syndrome usually causes sciatica and lower back pain, healthcare professionals perform tests to eliminate other causes of sciatic nerve compression like back sprains, herniated discs, lumbosacral spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, and many more.

X-rays may rule out any bone fracture, while CT Scans, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), Electromyography (EMG), Neurography or Electrophysiologic tests, or injecting on the piriformis muscle’s trigger points with anesthetics like lidocaine, may help the physician on-charge determine if the symptoms present is caused by piriformis syndrome or other health concerns like herniated disc and others.

Is it possible to avoid Piriformis Syndrome?

Preventing piriformis syndrome is possible if an individual avoids overuse or trauma to the lower back or gluteal muscles. With proper flexibility training, exercise, and proper stretching, the recurrence of piriformis syndrome may also be avoided if the concerned individual commits to such a lifestyle.

Sources:

https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/piriformis-syndrome-causes-symptoms-treatments#1

https://learnmuscles.com/blog/2017/08/04/piriformis-syndrome-causes/

https://www.medicinenet.com/piriformis_syndrome/article.htm#

Diabetic Neuropathy – Its Cause and Symptoms

Diabetes causes a lot of health issues and complications, and if not managed, can degrade one’s quality of life tremendously. However, there is nothing more disconcerting than what is called Diabetic Neuropathy. This condition is a type of nerve damage that is brought on by diabetes. The affliction affects both ends of the spectrum, which means that a person can have his senses dulled or be extremely sensitive to the slightest touch.

Sufferers usually have the condition on extremities, affecting the feet, the hands, legs, and arms. Because of the duality of its effect, a person may experience dulled or numbness in the extremities or be extremely sensitive, thereby amplifying even the slightest of touch into extreme pain. Both effects can be dangerous, and complications may arise because of the imbalance. As of right now, there is no known cure for nerves that are already damaged, but healthy food choices and lifestyle will stop its progression.

The main cause

Neuropathy affects both type one and types two diabetes sufferers, and as many thirty (30 percent) develop nerve damage because of the condition. High glucose levels and high levels of fat can damage your nerves, especially if one does not change lifestyle habits to alleviate them. Experts are pointing out the high blood sugar, and fat content does not directly damage the nerves, but the blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the nerves. It is likely for a person with diabetes to develop nerve damage if they also have the following along with their pre-existing condition.

  • Being overweight
  • High cholesterol count
  • Heavy smoker
  • Heavy drinker
  • Has high blood pressure
  • Genetics

The symptoms

The symptoms are grouped according to the areas where the nerve damage occur, and these are Peripheral, Autonomic, Proximal, and Focal Neuropathy.

Peripheral Neuropathy

This is where the nerve damage is mostly on the feet and legs, although rare, this type of neuropathy also manifests itself into the arms and the abdomen. The effects include pain and a burning sensation. Tingling sensations also usually manifest itself to the extremities. More concerning is when numbness also occurs, as it can become permanent.

Autonomic Neuropathy

In this instance, nerve damage clustered around the urinary system and the digestive system. The effects are prominently felt in the area of the stomach itself and manifests in the form of heartburn, diarrhea, bloating, and constipation. The nerve damage in these areas will also make you feel full despite eating very little. Nausea and vomiting also accompany other symptoms.

Proximal Neuropathy

This kind of nerve damage is usually focused on one side of the body primarily on the thighs, hips or buttocks. The symptom is mainly the feeling of pain on either the left or right side of these parts and can lead to weakness in the legs.

Focal Neuropathy

Damage to these nerve cluster causes muscle weakness and pain, centered around the head area, legs, and the torso. Similarly, it also causes muscle weakness in these areas. The troubling symptoms include having double vision accompanied by pain around the eyes. Sometimes because of the locality of the pain, it can lead to misdiagnosis, especially in the belly or chest area.

While all the symptoms are alarming, they are manageable and progression can be stopped in its tracks with simple but effective lifestyle changes. These changes are focused mainly on healthy activities and watching food and alcohol consumption.

 

Sources:

 

  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/245310.php
  • https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/diabetes-neuropathy#2
  • https://www.endocrineweb.com/guides/diabetic-neuropathy/diabetic-neuropathy-causes
  • https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/nerve-damage-diabetic-neuropathies/what-is-diabetic-neuropathy

Short-Term Memory Loss vs Long-Term Memory Loss

Have you ever wondered why some people easily remember the name of their first grade best friend from 30 years ago – yet when they walk into a room, they will suddenly forget why they’re there? Or have you experienced it yourself? It may seem odd how people remember information so mundane yet forget those that are actually worthy at this point in life.

Short-term and long-term memory loss have the same effect yet different characteristics that may affect the individual’s way of dealing with other people or situations happening around.

The differences between short-term memory loss and long-term memory loss

Short-term memory is the capacity to hold small amounts of information in the brain.  Long-term memory is a different type of memory in which you hold information in your brain from the past.

Each of these types of memories is very important to us and a person can lose each type of memory for different reasons.

It is common for the aging brain to begin to lose short-term memory.  This short-term memory loss can cause issues such as forgetting where you set your car keys to forgetting that you had a medication to take.

Long-term memory loss can be caused by issues like injury, infection or trauma.  A person with long-term memory loss will commonly forget their past such as old friends names or important vacations that they went on with their family.

Causes of memory loss

Lack of good night’s rest

Lack of sleep has a great impact on your mind’s capacity to think and retain information. A minimum of 7 hours of uninterrupted sleep is suggested for adults.

Side effects of medication

Some medications for depression, heartburn, blood pressure, and overactive bladder can affect the memory of both short and long term. Consulting with your physician to see if adjustments can be made could alleviate some memory-related issues.

Stress and anxiety

Both stress and anxiety are known to affect human functions.  Stress and anxiety is the result of excessive production of the stress hormone, cortisol which is proven to interfere with the ability of the hippocampus to make and recall memories. Implementing a stress reduction program can help with memory function and improve the overall quality of life. Aside from that, managing stress and anxiety properly is a great way to improve your health condition.

Depression

Just like anxiety and stress, depression is linked to short-term memory loss. Thus, proper depression management and treatment is highly recommended to help alleviate memory-loss issues.

Drug abuse, alcohol, and tobacco consumption

Excessive consumption of alcohol affects short-term memory and can continue to interfere with memory afterward. Thus, doctors advise to track alcohol consumption and avoid high dosage that may affect the capacity of the brain to retain memory.

Dementia

Dementia is the term used for the condition of progressive loss of memory and other aspects of the brain’s capacity to think. Dementia can be severe enough that it already interferes with the person’s ability to interact with others and do his daily tasks.

Stroke

It is one of the common causes of short-term memory loss which happens when the blood supply to the brain stopped due to the blockage in the vessel. For patients who experience a stroke, it’s easier for them to recall a past memory than what they had for breakfast. Memory loss caused by stroke usually diminishes in effect once the patient has fully recovered.

Occasional forgetfulness is a common phenomenon. But, if it starts to affect how you deal with other people or accomplish your daily tasks, consult your doctor for proper assessment and possible treatment.

Sources:

https://www.livescience.com/42891-short-term-memory-loss.html

https://www.webmd.com/brain/memory-loss

About an average of 50 million individuals worldwide suffer from dementia or the deterioration of thinking skills that renders one’s ability to perform daily activities. And with no adequate or precise treatment on how to address such disease, it’s hard to delay or face the unknown head-on.

U.K. Dementia Research Institute Program professor, and the University of Edinburgh’s Centre for Brain Discovery Sciences’ Lead and Deputy Director, Tara Spires-Jones, have told the Science Media Center that although some are unlucky enough to inherit the genes that increase their odds of developing dementia, many have the opportunity to lessen their chances by living a healthy lifestyle.

Dementia Statistics

According to WHO, 10 million cases of dementia are reported yearly, and this statistic is expected to increase threefold by the year 2050. The organization has also said that not only the dementia is the primary cause of why the older generation is disabled, all of which devastates affected individuals’ lives, their caretakers, and families, this disease also hugely affects the economy, and the estimated expenses of caring for dementia patients are expected to increase by $2 trillion yearly by the year 2030.

Reducing the Risk of Dementia

World Health Organization (WHO) says that delaying or stalling the progression of dementia is possible. University of Nottingham’s director of the Centre for Old Age and Dementia Institute Department of Mental Health professor Tom Denning, and a board-certified family physician and internationally renowned nutrition and natural healing expert in preventing and reversing diseases through nutritional methods, Dr. Joel Fuhrman, M.D., gave out some tips on how to extend lifespan and reduce heart diseases, and dementia risks.

  1. Maintain a normal blood pressure, healthy blood glucose and cholesterol level without any medications or supplements such as vitamins B, E, gingko, omega-3, and other antioxidants in hopes of avoiding any cognitive decline unless clinically-recommended.
  2. Avoid tobacco and less alcohol consumption.
  3. Commit to eating a well-balanced plant-based diet or a Mediterranean one.
  4. Consistently do a daily physical activity or exercise before any symptoms of cognitive problems shows.
  5. Sustain proper weight management for optimal health to reduce risks of heart problems, diabetes, and other degenerative sicknesses.

With substantial research confirming the plant-based diet and Mediterranean diet from various health doctors to be beneficial for cognitive function, reports have shown that following the said diet decreases one’s risk of mild cognitive deterioration as well as Alzheimer’s Disease, but infrequent compliance will not.

And as Dr. Joel Fuhrman has said in his Longevity Now Conference, eating the right kind of food is a scientifically proven tip to extend one’s lifespan because it is food which controls our life — it slows aging, prevents cancer and other diseases.

The evidence that social support and participation are well-connected to good health and one’s well-being is proven. Dr. Hans A Diehl, Director of Lifestyle Medicine Institute in Loma Linda, conducted the Coronary Health Improvement Project (CHIP), a 30-day community-based program. While residential programs are a costly and artificial living environment that made sustaining learned behaviors more difficult when patients return to their home setting, he developed CHIP as an affordable intervention in a community setting which helped many patients with degenerative diseases.

University College London’s Old Age Psychiatry professor, Robert Howard, has told the Science Media Center that while the evidence mentioned reducing risk of dementia is not strong, it is essential to continue doing things that are beneficial for overall physical and mental health.

Sources:

https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/14/health/who-guidelines-dementia-intl/index.html
https://www.thelongevitynowconference.com/?fbclid=IwAR0jtzOPzoM5Z4gIoRo9e90DfT-VKuOu35UAV1awrcrIClf5OU2XX1k2DrQ

Neck pain is considered as one of the most common medical conditions that can be experienced by young adults to seniors. The pain brought can start mild to severe, depending on the root cause.

Neck pains can be due to various conditions such as:

  • Neck strain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Poor posture
  • Muscular tightness
  • Neck injury such as in whiplash
  • Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine
  • Herniated disc
  • Pinched nerve (cervical radiculopathy)

Among these medical conditions, the most common that causes neck pain are muscular tightness, osteoarthritis of the cervical spine, and disc herniation.

Before tackling the common causes of neck pain, let’s discuss the actual symptoms that reveal that you’re experiencing neck pain. Neck pain may start as a dull aching sensation that worsens when moving the neck.

Muscular Tightness

Muscular tightness, commonly referred to as stiff neck, is the condition characterized by soreness of the neck muscles causing difficulty in the movement. Aside from the pain in the muscles itself, patients may also feel headache depending on the severity of the tightening in the muscles.

Most are familiar even in the slightest symptoms of a stiff neck, may it occur upon waking up in the morning or may occur at any time of the day. Most often, the pain will resist within a day or week without the needs of medical intervention. However, for cases that are more severe or last for weeks, it is highly advised to visit a physician. In addition to that, if the pain comes and go

Osteoarthritis of the Cervical Spine

The osteoarthritis of the cervical spine or cervical spondylosis is the medical condition which involves changes in the bones, discs, and joints in the neck area.

Just like other variations or types of osteoporosis, cervical spondylosis is the result of normal wear and tear in the spine. As we grow older, the discs of the cervical spine age as well causing a gradual break down as it becomes stiffer than usual. The symptoms of cervical spondylosis may occur to middle age to senior people.

Disc Herniation

Disc herniation is a medical condition that deals with issues on one of the rubbery cushions located between the individual bones or vertebrae that stack up to make the spine.

The spinal disc has a jelly-like appearance that is encased in a durable cover. The disc herniation is also called as the ruptured disc or slipped disc.

Disc herniation happens when the jelly-like part of the disc pushes out of the cover. This medical condition can irritate nearby nerves that cause weakness, numbness, and pain. In some cases, people don’t experience any of the symptoms of disc herniation if the situation is not severe.

Even though neck pain is a common condition, it is still best to consult a trusted doctor in case you’re experiencing symptoms that affect your day-to-day activities. Also, keep in mind that prevention and keeping your body healthy are still the key to avoiding the condition from taking place.

Sources:

https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/neck-pain/stiff-neck-causes-symptoms-and-treatment
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/herniated-disk/symptoms-causes/syc-20354095
https://www.medicinenet.com/neck_pain/article.htm
https://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/cervical-osteoarthritis-cervical-spondylosis#1

As a person becomes older, they may begin to have problems with painful joints due to inflammation. Osteoarthritis causes pain in these joints due to wear and tear. An older individual with osteoarthritis in his or her ankles and toes may have such symptoms as:

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Joint deformities
  • Stiffness
  • Damage to soft tissues
  • Loss of cartilage and flexibility in affected areas

How is osteoarthritis in the foot and ankle diagnosed?

A physical examination with a complete medical history begins the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Testing to confirm the diagnosis of foot and ankle osteoarthritis may also include X-rays or MRI scans.

How is ankle and foot osteoarthritis treated?

The non-surgical ways of relieving pain and improving motion in the foot and ankle joints include:

  • Steroid injections into the affected joints
  • Using anti-inflammatory medications to reduce joint swelling
  • Pads and braces in the shoes
  • Pain relievers
  • Braces to support the joints
  • Physical therapy
  • Orthotics worn in a person’s shoes
  • Losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight

Exercises for the foot and ankle

If a person’s feet are strong and flexible, they’ll experience less arthritis pain. Keeping your toes moving remains a crucial part of improving the way your toes feel Some excellent exercises to keep a person’s feet strong include:

  • Achilles tendon stretch. Lean against a wall keeping your palms flat. Place one foot in the front of the person, and one behind. Next, lean forward while leaving your feet flat on the floor. This exercise feels like a gentle pull on your calf and Achilles tendon. Hold this position for 10 seconds on each side. Repeat the stretch three times.
  • Big toe stretches. Put a thick rubber band around your big toes. Pull the rubber bands so that the big toes move away from each other. Hold this stretch for about five seconds. Repeat the stretch ten times.
  • Toe curls. To perform this exercise, pick up marbles with your toes for good toe stretch.

Will surgery help osteoarthritis in the feet and ankles?

In severe cases of osteoarthritis in the feet and ankles, two types of surgery become needed to provide you with the pain you need and deserve to keep walking and moving. Two regularly recommended operations remain:

  • Fusion surgery. Arthrodesis, or fusion surgery, is when bones are fused together using pins, rods, plates or screws. Once you’ve healed from the operation, the body parts in question remain fused together.
  • Joint replacement surgery. Just like knee replacement surgery, ankle replacement surgery requires an artificial ankle joint to be surgically implanted to replace a worn out ankle joint. Ankle replacement surgery remains rarely used to assist individuals with ankle osteoarthritis.

If your loved one is in a nursing home or skilled nursing facility, they need a knowledgeable staff around them who understand the treatment of people with osteoarthritis. These staff members need to follow through with any doctor’s recommendations as well as monitor and record a person’s physical therapy and progress.

Maplewood of Sauk Prairie’s staff remains such a skilled, experienced group of people who work with osteoarthritis patients in the nursing home and on an outpatient basis. So, for osteoarthritis rehab you can trust for your loved one, please consider working with Maplewood of Sauk Prairie’s inpatient and outpatient rehab facility.

Sources:

https://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/foot-ankle-osteoarthritis#1

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/arthritis-of-the-foot-and-ankle/

Assisted Living: How to Properly Care for Senior Citizens and Their Needs

As the years start to progress, one thing becomes inevitable: the ones that we love and care about will require outside care to maintain their quality of life. This is when senior care is extremely significant. Rather it’s your parents, grandparents, in-laws or a significant other, medical assistance in even the most mundane scenarios becomes a daily occurrence and renders many of us feeling incapable. If you’re in this position, or you’re preparing for the upcoming years, this article will shed light on how to provide care for aging seniors and leave them living their best life!

Customize and Friendly Help

Regardless of the facility that you choose to contact, leaving your loved one in the helping hands of those that are friendly, understanding and professional is a must. According to interesting statistics released by Senior Living, there are over 47-million seniors living within the United States alone. With numbers like this, it’s critical that families and friends use facilities that are trained to deal with your loved one’s particular ailments. Here is a brief list of questions to ponder when screening for potential services to use:

  • Does the facility encourage an interactive community?

  • Are the staff trained and ready to deal with patients that require further assistance like Dementia and immobility?

  • Does the service cost reflect the level of care and comfort the patient will receive?

  • Can couples (husband and wife) be placed together in the facility? If so, what are the limitations?

  • Do you have a personal connection with the staff and professionals located at the facility?

Although these questions may seem burdensome or not important, they’re essential for providing the best experience possible for your loved one.

Life Is Not Over!

Another topic to keep in mind when researching an assisted-living facility is that of letting your loved one live their life on their own terms. Having a purpose-driven lifestyle that is full of adventure that allows your loved one to wake up each morning with hope is essential. Visiting these facilities and understanding their workflow and how they deal with certain patients is vital in the selection process.

Although there will be certain instances where the patient will require outside help and assistance — bathing, changing clothes, moving long distances, feeding themselves, medication distribution, etc. — it should be noted that each patient journeys down their own path. Promoting a feeling of individuality and independence while still receiving the help they need is, without a doubt, the most important aspect for a senior citizen.

Is This Your Answer?

The bottom line is that your loved one’s life is about to change, but it doesn’t have to put a negative burden on your shoulders. By researching various facilities and making a checklist of certain standards that must be met is the best way to move forward. No one wants to put their relatives or romantic partner in a situation where their quality of life isn’t of the highest standard — why settle? Use the information above as your road map to a destination filled with independence and peace of mind. Reach out to us today and see what the future holds in store for you! The experience of assisted living can be rewarding in more ways than you can imagine

References:

As our elder loved ones age symptoms may present themselves that point to the need for senior care. It’s important that you remain observant so any concerning signs or behaviors do not go unnoticed: You want your family to be as happy and healthy as possible and for some seniors that means additional care may be required. You have to remember though that most seniors want to live out their lives at home and the topic of moving them into a senior care facility may be a touchy one! The good news is though that mildest to moderate concerns may frequently be remedied without the need to move your loved one out of their home!

To help you provide the best quality of life for your elder family member, we’ve detailed a few signs and symptoms that may be cause for additional senior care:

Signs To Watch For

Chronic Medical Conditions

As we age, the chances of a chronic medical condition such as heart disease or Alzheimer’s developing increases. Those that suffer from such medical conditions will often need increased medical care as they age and may not be in a position to provide the appropriate care for themselves that they require. If you notice any medical condition getting out of hand, or found that they may have fallen and had issues getting themselves up then their solitary lifestyle may need to come to an end. As disheartening as this may sound to them, it is for the best.

Issues Managing Money

Many of us as we grow older end up less than capable of taking care of all the financial responsibilities that we’ve taken on over the years. Insurance renewals and bills may start to pile up due to forgetfulness, a lack of motivation to pay them, or a lack of money to do so. It’s not uncommon for seniors to fall victim of scammers and if they happened to develop a disease such as dementia then their ability to deal with the complexities of paying bills and taxes may have alluded them. If you notice any of this occurring then consider taking over the management of their finances or seeking out additional care.

Living In Isolation

Isolation isn’t good for anyone, but it is especially problematic when it comes to our elders. With more than 11 million seniors living alone, isolation is a leading factor in seniors’ health declining. Potential issues that can arise as a result of isolation include addiction, depression, and even death! If your senior family member is living alone and you find that they aren’t going out and spending any time with friends then consider stopping in for visits more frequently or if that is not an option, then it may be time to seek out additional care.

Unkempt Living Space

If you notice that your senior loved one’s lawn and house seem to be in decline, with little care taken to their preservation, then it may be a sign that they are no longer able to physically take care of these things. Depression may also cause this so don’t dismiss this if you feel they’re still able-bodied; It is still a problem. If this is the only sign you’ve noticed so far, consider options other than taking them out of their home such as hiring a landscaper, a housekeeper, or an in-home caregiver to help with the daily upkeep around the house.

Conclusion

In order to ensure our loved ones are living their lives to the fullest, as they age we must remain vigilant in order to notice any signs of decline that would illicit senior care. Getting the help you and your loved needs early will ensure that they live as comfortably and healthily as possible! If any of these signs present themselves, consider Maplewood of Sauk Prairie for your chosen senior care facility. Making the decision to utilize senior care is not something to take lightly, and you know your loved ones better than anyone else, so keep an eye on them and use your best judgment!

Sources:

https://www.seniorliving.org/where-to-start/knowing-when-its-time/