Neurological diseases continue to be studied, but for as much as we have learned about them, there is also much that we still don’t know.

Recently, however, researchers made a new finding that may not only change textbooks, but will change the way that we understand the link between the brain and the immune system.

Researchers from the University of Virginia School of Medicine have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist.  These findings may lead to ground breaking new discoveries in neurological conditions, such as Alzheimers Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, and many other neurological diseases.

Never known previously, the researchers have found a lymphatic system for the central nervous system (CNS).  As an example, it is know that Alzheimers Disease is caused by large chunks of proteins that build up in the brain.  This lymphatic system of the CNS may be inefficient in those patients who develop this disease and so more research needs to focus on this.

“Instead of asking, ‘How do we study the immune response of the brain?’ ‘Why do multiple sclerosis patients have the immune attacks?’ now we can approach this mechanistically. Because the brain is like every other tissue connected to the peripheral immune system through meningeal lymphatic vessels,” said Jonathan Kipnis, PhD, professor in the UVA Department of Neuroscience and director of UVA’s Center for Brain Immunology and Glia (BIG). “It changes entirely the way we perceive the neuro-immune interaction. We always perceived it before as something esoteric that can’t be studied. But now we can ask mechanistic questions.”

These finings will be published in the prestigious journal, “Nature”.

 

For more information:  NeuroscienceNews

Maplewood, Sauk City, WI Recognizes Cataract Awareness Month In June

Cataract Awareness during the month of June is recognized by Maplewood, Sauk City, WI.  The world’s leading cause of blindness is cataracts.  It is a very common eye condition so knowing the facts is essential.

Two parts of the eye affected by cataracts are the lens, which is the eye’s natural lens behind the iris and the pupil which consists of protein and water.  Through time and age, when the protein clusters together, it can create a cataract.  Vision is affected by a cataract in two ways:  by making objects appear blurry or by adding a tint of brown color to your vision.  This discoloration of the lens makes blue and purple tones hard to distinguish.

In the beginning, cataracts may be unnoticeable, but through time and growth of the cataract, vision worsens.  Symptoms of cataracts include light sensitivity and poor night vision.

Age is a contributing factor in developing cataracts; however, some other factors include injury to the eye, high blood pressure, diabetes, intense exposure to sunlight and family genetics.

During cataract surgery, the lens is replaced with an artificial lens.  It is an effective treatment and the most frequently performed surgery in the United States.  Glasses, good indoor lighting and glare-resistant sunglasses can help the early symptoms and allow a person with cataracts to see better.

Both looking and feeling young, starts with healthy skin.  There are many foods containing anti-aging properties which are both easy and delicious.

Avocado:  Moisturizing vitamin E is abundant in the Avocado. It protects against harmful ultraviolet rays and reduced free radicals which are the particles in the skin that damages skin cells.

Carrots:  There is more than crunch to this vegetable.  It is an excellent source of vitamin A which promotes cell growth and is good for your skin.

Salmon:  The omega-3 fatty acids in salmon and other fatty fish, such as tuna and sardines, can repress the growth of tumors, protecting you from skin cancer.  The fatty acids reduce dryness and keeps skin smooth and soft.

Strawberries:  Ellagic acid, found in strawberries, is believed to promote skin elasticity and fight sagging.  It also contains high amounts of vitamin c which is known to ward off wrinkles and dry skin.

Tomatoes:  High levels of lycopene found in tomatoes promotes smoother skin and protects against sunburn.

Soy:   Tofu, edamame and soy milk are abundant in isoflavones, which helps prevent collagen breakdown, causing firmer skin and fewer wrinkles.

Sauk City, Wisconsin (September 15, 2013) – Maplewood of Sauk Prairie is offering advanced negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to promote and enhance the healing of different types of wounds. The treatment uses a special vacuum dressing, which is carefully applied on patients by a skilled team composed of the Maplewood Sauk Prairie physical therapy department, nurses, and physicians, among others.

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Compassion fatigue, a type of burnout that used to affect only people who are in so-called “traumatic professions” like doctors and nurses, is now beginning to impact regular individuals. According to an article in the National Post, written by Dr. James Aw, medical director of Medcan Clinic in Toronto, adults who are juggling various responsibilities that include caring for a sick elderly relative, are showing signs of physical, emotional, and spiritual distress commonly associated with this condition. Many people suffering from compassion fatigue nowadays are members of the sandwich generation—individuals who take care of their parents and children, on top of managing the home and maintaining a regular job.

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